Kopi Luwak, one of the most expensive coffee in the world comes from Indonesia and Kopi is the Indonesian word for coffee. Luwak is the native name of the animal that eat the raw cherries as a part of their diet. Civet´s eat a varied diet which consist´s of insects and tiny mammals, as well as fruits. Civet´s eat the softer outer a part of the coffee cherry but the coffee beans are not digested and delivered whole in the excrement of the civet.
Kopi Luwak or literally translated to be Civet coffee. The strong style of the coffee is intensified through the method of the digesting of the beans by the Luwak. (Asian Palm civet). When the berries enter the stomach of the Luwak they come into contact with proteolytic enzymes that change the composition of the berries. When the beans have move through the digestive tract of the Luwak the beans are gathered by farmers from Kaya Kopi that remove the outer layer of the bean, clean them and then sun dry and roast them. Lastly the beans are manually sorted to provide prime quality coffee inexperienced beans.
The coffee is originally from Indonesia within the islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali and Sulawesi. Some are as unprocessed beans, some are roasted and ground. Today, civet coffee is one of the more expensive and one of the rarest in the world. One in all the explanations why it’s thus distinctive from others coffee is as a result of it’s a definite style from the regular coffee. It’s a balanced style and not as bitter as traditional coffee.
Gourmet coffee has become a serious luxury in today’s market. People that appreciate the perplexity of how that flavor is accomplished will gravitate towards the intricate coffee flavors. It is a real joy to drink Kopi Luwak but when considering that a pound of Kopi Luwak coffee costs $350-$500 it´s not something to brew up everyday but more of a treat to enjoy on occasions.
Who doesn’t love sipping on a cup of hot coffee early in the morning? For some, it’s just a morning routine, but for others, its a necessity. If you are a coffee lover, your day cannot properly begin without it. We all like our coffee differently, but the love for coffee is universal.
But do you know where your favorite coffee comes from? Do you know how many people work tirelessly so that you could enjoy your daily cup of coffee? The facts might surprise you. Coffee doesn’t grow on any soil. Proper soil and proper climate are essential for a coffee plant to grow. Mainly, it grows in areas located between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Let’s take a detailed look at the top coffee producing countries arranged in no particular order.
Top coffee producing countries in no particular order
Colombian coffee is world-famous. If you are a coffee enthusiast, chances are, you have tasted Colombian coffee already. Colombia used to be the world’s largest producer of coffee, but things have been difficult lately with climate change. During the 2017-2018 period, 864,000 metric tons of coffee were produced by Colombia. Back in 2008 and 2009, Colombia was hit by heavy rains, and a disease known as coffee rust affected the coffee plants.
Production output was affected due to this and decreased by approximately 40%. Despite this disaster, coffee production in Colombia recovered, as new breeds of rust-resistant plants were introduced. The coffee flavor also suffered a change. Currently, Colombia is ranked second worldwide in terms of production of the arabica variety of coffee. Colombian coffee is exported to countries such as Italy, Germany, France, the USA, and Japan.
India is one of the largest producers of food and cash crops, coffee being the foremost among them. Coffee in India is mainly grown in the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala. 98% of the coffee in India comes from small farmers. More than 80% of Indian coffee is exported to foreign countries such as Spain, Russia, the USA, Japan, Greece, Slovenia, Belgium, and others. Robusta and Arabica are the two kinds of coffee grown in India.
Because Indian coffee is often grown along with spices such as cinnamon and cardamom, it has a distinct spicy flavor to it. Sometimes, coffee production in India suffers a hit due to early rains and other unpredictable climate changes.
Brazil is the world’s leading producer of coffee since 1840. The country’s economy is largely dependent on coffee. The coffee plant was introduced in Brazil by the French way back in the 18th century. After that, it quickly became one of the top producers. According to a survey a whopping 3.05 million metric tons of coffee were produced in Brazil during the 2017/2018 year.
About 27,000 sq. km of land in Brazil is reserved for growing coffee. 74% of the coffee produced in Brazil belongs to the Arabica variety, while 26% is of the Robusta variety. Exporting coffee has transformed Brazil’s economy and has played a crucial role in bringing stability to the region.
You may be surprised o hear that Vietnam is one of the largest producers of coffee. This is because they are like the new kid in the block. Vietnam’s coffee production boomed back in the 1980s when the Communist Party of Vietnam decided to drive the country’s economy using coffee. The production rate increased in the 1990s and 2017/2018, Vietnam produced 1.76 million metric tonnes of coffee.
Vietnam concentrates on producing the Robusta variety of coffee. This has more caffeine content than the Arabica variety, giving it a somewhat bitter taste. People who drink coffee for an energy boost or to prevent themselves from falling asleep, prefer Robusta to Arabica. Vietnam quickly became the leading producer of Robusta coffee. In 2017/208, 40% of the world’s Robusta coffee came from Vietnam.
Indonesia is another surprising addition to the list of top coffee-producing countries in the world. The country’s favorable climate allows for the vast production of coffee. In 2017/2018, 636,000 metric tons of coffee were produced by Indonesia. Most of the coffee producers in Indonesia are small farmers, numbering around 1.5 million. However, a few large industries are also present.
Coffee was brought to Indonesia by Dutch settlers. Currently, 85% of Indonesian exports consist only of coffee. Several popular varieties of coffee can be found here, foremost among them being the Kopi Luwak variety of coffee, which is extracted from the excreta of the Asian Palm civet. This rare variety of coffee, with its unique flavor, is expensive and is mostly exported to other countries of the West.
This small Central American country is quickly growing into one of the leading producers of coffee. It produced 450,000 metric tons of coffee in the 2017/2018 year. Coffee in Honduras is grown in high altitudes above 3000 feet. In the 2017/2018 year, there was a huge boom in coffee export from Honduras.
Like Columbia, Honduras also suffers from the leaf rust problem. Since most of the coffee in this country is grown by small farmers, they do not have access to money or technology to completely turn this crisis around. As a result, many farmers are in debt, and coffee production has suffered a hit in recent years. Honduras produces roughly the same amount of coffee each year as India.
Coffee is Uganda’s largest export currently and it is a growing industry with more and more Ugandans are getting involves in coffee production. Both Robusta and Arabica varieties of coffee are grown in Uganda, mainly in the southern fringes. However, farmers have security concerns, which has resulted in exports suffering a blow. However, they seem to be recovering from it. Coffee production in Uganda during 2016 was 2888,000 metric tonnes.
Top Coffee Producing Countries2020-04-06T10:07:35+00:00
Most people just like to make a simple cup of coffee in their home, which they refer to as homemade coffee. Sometimes people venture to make the coffee as in the coffeshops, with mixed results. This way people don’t get the actual taste of a real coffee. Making good quality coffee is not as hard as in can seem at first glance, there are just a few basic rules you have to follow.
There is a little bit of science to learn in order to make better coffee, and when you know the science behind making the coffee then your coffee will be much tastier than a local café’s coffee. There is a process known as coffee bloom which most of people are not aware of it. You might think that is a very tough process, but it is nothing like that and the process is easy.
What is a Coffee Bloom?
You can say it is a process where there are fast bubbling of gases and the coffee grounds. It comes out during the roasting procedure and it´s generated by CO2 getting trapped in the bean by the heat of the roasting procedure. Over time these gasses are discharged by process called “degassing” and around 40% is discharged in the first 24 hours and the rest in 2-14 days. When you start to grind the beans theses gasses escape at a higher rate so if you use the ground coffee soon after grinding it will give your cup a nice flavor and a texture.
When you then pour hot water onto the ground coffee the carbon dioxide is released at a faster rate and creating the bloom effect. After roasting the coffee it is best to store the beans whole and just grind them as you need them. There are a few good grinders available that come to mind to make the job easy, but if any grinder is worth a mention for home use it is the Baratza Encore Burr Coffee Grinder. If you notice that the coffee does not bloom it can either be stale or it could have been over roasted.
Factors That Affect Coffee Blooming
There are a few factors that can affect the blooming process These are the factors that change the rate where gases are eliminated from the beans after the roasting process.
The temperature of roasting If the beans are placed in a warm place the gases will eliminate as soon as possible. But if you are placing the beans in normal room temperature, then there are chances of being decayed.
Humid If the beans are kept free from humidity, then the gases will get easily eliminated. The more you place it at a humid level, there are chances where deadly diseases can take place. The best thing is to find the perfect place in the humid levels so that you can easily protect your beans from deadly disease.
Level of Roasting The level of roasting will have a greater impact on the bloom. The dark roast can go through less releasing of gases. In other types of roast, you will find that there will be more release of gas.
Origination of beans The origination of beans plays an important role in coffee blooming. There are some coffees that require the process of gas releasing. This is why this factor is much more important.
The hardness of beans This is also a very important factor to ensure the hardness. If the bean is harder then it is too tough for the gases to get into the bean.
How do you bloom ?
The main thing is to place hot water on top of the coffee so they can become moist, but do not pour it before the brewing process. How you can do this it depends on the type of coffee making machine that you are using.
Try to pour extremely warm water on the coffee starting from outside and then taking it in between. Just use a small quantity of water. All you want is your coffee to become submerged. Let it set for a minute before making the cup of your coffee.
French Press Method
By this method, you can slowly put a little quantity of warm water on a coarsely grounded coffee. Make sure that the bloom is there for at least a few seconds, Thoroughly stir it with a spoon to make sure that the grinds are being absorbed with water. This way you can easily complete your normal brewing process.
Automatic Dripping Coffee Machine
Place the filter in the machine’s basket and then add the ground coffee to it. Add as much water as you can, but it cannot exceed the limit then it will fall through the filter. Just let it set for at least 90 seconds then you can easily follow the brewing process. This machine is one of the best one where the coffee blooming process can be easily done.
So, we have known how the coffee blooming process works and the science behind it. If you want a better flavor coffee then you have to follow this process. The machines are nowadays available in the market which will make the process easier.
The Science of the Coffee Bloom and What Factors Affect the Bloom2020-05-17T23:24:41+00:00
Find out about seven different types of coffee beans from different countries. Coffee is a savior of a drink for all your dull or tired moments. Its magical aroma and even more fantastic taste is what complement for the tired you. Serving humankind for 1200 years, this drink finds its prominent mention in history as well. At present, there is hardly a country, where coffee is unknown and unheard of. Coffee beans are cultivated in more than 70 countries.
This article will introduce to you some of the most exuberant varieties of coffee that you may not know about. Commercially, only a few varieties of coffee beans find significance in coffee shops. However, this list has more to it, which you may not find more often. So, have a look:
The taste of Arabica is smooth with less content of caffeine and this makes it delicious. With its high yielding property, coffee plantation owners prefer growing Arabica coffee beans round the world. Brazil is the highest producer of this variety of coffee in the world with a record of 2,594,100 tons in the year, 2016.
Arabica is a tastier variety of coffee beans and with its higher production rate and better quality, this variety of coffee is preferred over the others. The Arabica variety from Brazil has lower rates of acid.
Robusta, characterized by its strong taste due to 2.5% caffeine content in this variety of coffee compared to any other varieties. Robusta is widely grown in Vietnam and people here prefer it because of its strong flavor and taste. It is for this reason; Vietnam, called the land of coffee and Robusta, specifically. Vietnam is also one of the topmost exporters of coffee in the world.
Apart from Vietnam, Indonesia also grows Robusta coffee beans, which makes it one of the global producers of coffee as well. A better variety of Robusta is also available from Brazil and Columbia, but the yield is comparatively less. The state of Robusta coffee beans grown in Indonesia is paler compared to the variety found in Brazil as well as Columbia.
Among other countries, growing Robusta coffee is the southern region of India, which is marked with a higher percentage of acidity but the taste is very soft.
The yield of Liberica is low, compared to Arabica and even Robusta. It is for this reason; this coffee is less popular in coffee shops. The popularity of these beans began in 1890 and during this time, coffee rust destroyed most of the farm crops of Arabica. The Philippines started producing it maximally. This is when; it became the highest producer of the Liberica variety of coffee beans in the whole world.
Physical characteristics of the coffee beans are typical as when you hold them you can feel its woody texture. The shape of the beans is distinct but it is somewhat smoky. At times, you can find these beans to be too fruity and floral aroma around its body.
This variety named, Typica to denote it as ‘typical Arabica’. Typica is one of the most popular coffee beans among all the regional varieties of Blue Mountain, Kona, and Java. Yemen started growing this variety and since then it began its widespread trade. The coffee bean first reached India, then Indonesia and finally to the West Indies.
Typica has many sub-varieties that include Rume, Sudan, Bergendal, Paumah, Java Mocha and Sumatra. Apart from these are some of the typical mutations that include, Villa Sarchi, Blue Mountain, San Ramon, Pluma Hidalgo, and Sidikalang.
A sub-variety of Typica, the French started growing Bourbon in the year 1700. They brought the saplings of Typica and Arabica to the island named Bourbon. When a slight mutation occurred, it eventually birthed this new variety of coffee beans that gradually spread across the south and Central America.
Unlike the Typica variety, this variety of coffee beans yields better coffee pods and hence largely cultivated. Some of the sub-variety of this variety are N39, K20, SL34, SL35, Jackson, Pointu, Caturra, French Mission, Pacas to name a few.
This type gets its name from the village in Ethiopia it originally comes from. Geisha is the original variation of Arabica. Panama grows it maximally and it provides resistance for coffee rusts. The trees are taller with its longer leaf blades imitating the shape of coffee beans.
It is the sub-variety of Liberica but mostly resembles Liberica. However, some people consider it to be different and so name it differently as Excelsa.
What Makes These Coffee Beans so Different From Each Other ?
For a true connoisseur of coffee, knowing the difference is the ultimate thing. The difference in the coffee beans is in its particular aroma and the flavor that it gives to the drink. There is one enjoyable way to understand the stark differences and it is nothing but to taste them separately.
You can try to taste at least two to three flavors at a time to mark the difference and understand how each one has its own specialty. Whenever you taste something new, try to keep a note of them. This way, you will have records of all those wonderful memories of the different tastes that you enjoyed. What it can truly help you in is, whenever you are to purchase a pack of different varieties of coffee, this note can simply help you.
Trying different coffee beans in your drink of coffee is almost an achievement and once you grow a habit to taste new flavors, you will know a lot of this powerful drink. Again, keeping note of every time you taste a new flavor will help you recollect about the region, the techniques involved in preparing it and the taste of it, clearly. Also roasting the coffee beans yourself will open up a whole new world for for you.
What is the best thing about knowing different types of coffee beans is not just to add to your memory bank, but guide you in buying the best coffee beans also. By keeping note, you can simply understand which flavors work for you the most and which flavor you can have more often.
Seven Different Types of Coffee Beans from Different Countries2020-05-17T23:23:23+00:00